MPD 2021

Master Plan Delhi (MPD) 2021

To have a home in Delhi as well as NCR has become the aspiration of the masses. The hard fact is it is beyond the reach of the common man.
The official rate set by DDA is about Rs.10, 000.00 to 15000.00 per square feet, as is evident from the recent DDA scheme. The input cost of construction everywhere is approx Rs.1000 â Rs.1500 per square feet Even a one bedroom apartment with a surface area of 380 Sqft is being sold at Rs.38 lakh. It means that 70 % of the population are being forced to live in unauthorized colonies / homes devoid of even basic comforts to leave alone like Sewage, roads, water facilities and so on.

MPD-2021 has been out in 2007 and reprinted in 2010 and duly approved by Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India on 6th Sep, 2013 with the vision for 2021 to make Delhi a global metropolis and a world class city, where all the people are engaged in productive work with a decent standard of living and quality of life in a sustainable environment. The population of Delhi in 2001 was 138 lakh as against the MPD-2001 projection of128 lakh and According to projections in the Masterplan- 2021, nearly 24 Lakh residential units are required for an estimated 23 million people by 2021. In the last 50 years, DDA has acquired 75,609 hectares and developed it for residential (R-Zone) , recreational, commercial and institutional purposes. One of the features of MPD-2021 is to develop 5 more zones / areas in Delhi to cater for this surplus demand of residential units to accommodate growing population, for which DDA has earmarked land at Zone J, K, L, N & P (P-I and P-II) for raising residential projects.

The NCT of Delhi has been divided in 15 planning zones (divisions) designated from âAâ to âPâ (except Zone-I) in the Master Plan Delhi-2021. K-Zone & P-Zone is further sub-divided into two zones designated as K-I, K-II and P-I, P-II zones recpectively. As per Master Plan for Delhi- 2021 P-II zone covers an area of 8534 hact. The area under biodiversity park etc. (about 340 hact. area) falls in this zone âOâ which has been excluded from the zonal area of Zone P-II, which remains 8194 hectare.

MPD 2021 stipulates that the land upto the depth of one & peripheral revenue village alongside the border of NCT-Delhi, would be maintained under the Green belt.

The total extent of the Green belt under MPD 2021 is approx. 11,000 hectares. The proposed green belts & recreational areas would almost be to the extent of 15-20% of the total land use.

Salient Features Of MPD-2021

The following critical areas have been the focal points of the Plan :
  • Land Policy: The land policy would be based on the optimum utilisation of available resources, both, public and private in land assembly, development and housing.
  • Public Participation and Plan Implementation: Decentralised local area planning by participatory approach and Performance oriented planning and development, with focus on implementation and monitoring.
  • Redevelopment: Incentivised redevelopment with additional FAR has been envisaged as a major element of city development covering all the areas.
  • Shelter: Shift from plotted housing to group housing for optimal utilization of land. Private sector participation for development / redevelopment of housing; Removing unnecessary controls (like height) for optimum utilization of land and tofacilitate creation of 'signature' projects. Enhancement of ground coverage, FAR and height for all categories of residential plots.
  • Housing for poor : In order to prevent growth of slums, mandatory provision of EWS housing / slum rehabilitation in all group housing to the extent of 15% of permissible FAR or 35% of dwelling units on the plot, whichever is higher.
  • Re-categorisation of housing types, development control norms and differential densities to make EWS /LIG housing viable and economical.
  • Environment: Rejuvenation of River Yamuna through a number of measures including ensuring adequate flow in river by release of water by riparian states, refurbishment of trunk sewers, treatment of drains, severing of un-severed areas, treatment of industrial affluent, recycling of treated effluent and removal of coliforms at STPs.
  • Provision of lung spaces / recreational areas and green belt to the extent of 15 to 20% of land use. Provision of Multipurpose grounds: A special category for marriages / public functions.
  • Unauthorised Colonies: to be regularised as per government policy
  • Mixed Use: To meet the growing demand of commercial activities and overcome the shortfall of available commercial space, a liberalized provision of Mixed Use in residential areas has been adopted adhering to the requisites of the environment, while achieving better synergy between workplace, residence and transportation.

  • Small shops of daily needs have been permitted on ground floor, in residential areas.

  • Trade & Commerce : District & Community Centres are proposed to be developed as facility corridors along major transport networks to prevent unintended and unplanned ribbon development and for better synergy between public transport and work centres.
  • Informal Sector : The informal and organised sector is a major source of employment in the economic fabric of the city for which 'Hawking' and 'No Hawking' Zones, weekly markets at neighbourhood and cluster levels has to be identified and planned & developed.
  • Industry : Environment as a major concern and listing of prohibited industries. Modernisation / up-gradation of existing industries including non-conforming industrial centres. Special provisions for service and repair centres. Inclusion of new activities like IT industry, etc.
  • Conservation of Heritage:  Identification of heritage zones and archaeological parks and Development of Special Conservation plans for listed buildings and precincts.
  • Transportation : Unified Metro Transport Authority, A new parking policy including private sector development of parking facilities, increase in norms for parking space, multi-level parking and underground parking, Integrated multimodal public transport system to reduce dependence on personalised vehicles, Road and rail based mass transport system to be a major mode of public transport, optimal use of existing road network and development of missing links, Restructuring of existing network through expressways, elevated roads, arterial roads, distributor roads and relief roads.
  • Health Infrastructure : Health facilities proposed to achieve norms of 5 beds / 1000 population and Nursing Homes, clinics etc. also allowed under relaxed Mixed Use norms.
  • Educational Facilities : Locating new school sites adjacent to parks / playgrounds, Provision for vocational and other educational facilities, Schools and training centres for mentally / physically challenged with differential development norms.
  • Disaster Management : Disaster Management centre provided in each administrative zone. Building regulations for safety of structures as per seismic zone.
  • Provision of Sports Facilities : Provisions for sports infrastructure for local, national and international events. Incentives provided for sports facilities and swimming pools in schools, clubs and group housing.
  • Focus on Infrastructure Development : Perspective Plans for Water, Power, Drainage & Solid Waste Management of Service Agencies part of MPD-2021. Alternative Sources of energy and new technology. The Plan gives emphasis on energy conservation, efficiency and exploring alternative sources of energy.